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Adrien MEGUERDITCHIAN

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CNRS Researcher, PhD in Psychology, Primatologist                         
Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive UMR7290
Aix-Marseille University / CNRS

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CNRS - Adrien Meguerditchian 
RD 56
13790 Rousset - FRANCE 
Email : adrien.meguerditchian@univ-amu.fr
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Publication | Communication | Labs - Grant Teaching | Degree |  Press


RESEARCH

Within a comparative framework between nonhuman and human primates, I am interested in the potential continuities and discontinuities between (1) the properties of communicative systems, their lateralization and their brain substrate in our primate relatives and (2) some fundamental features of human language such as intentionality, flexibility of use and of learning, referential properties and left-hemispheric dominance for the control of communication. I investigate in particular the relationships between the motor system and the communication system and their implications in the evolution of language and in the origin of the predominance of right-handedness in humans.

Research themes within a comparative approach among primates:

► Hand preferences in unimanual, bimanual behaviors and in communicative gestures and cerebral neuroanatomical correlates (in vivo & post mortem Brain imaging )
► Gestural & vocal communication & Social cognition: intentional and referential properties and comprehension of signals
► Structure and coordination of behavioral units (gestural, postural, visual and vocal) within social interactions

Field sites:

► Station de Primatologie CNRS UPS846, France : Olive Baboons (Papio anubis), Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus)
► Centre IRMf (Institut de Neurosciences de la Timone, Marseille) : Jean Luc Anton, Muriel Roth, Bruno Nazarian
► Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta, USA : Captive Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
► Fongoli, Field Site of Dr. Jill Pruetz, Sénégal : Wild Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
► Atlanta Zoo, USA : Western Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla)

Main collaborations (outside LPC) :

► Jacques Vauclair (Centre PsyCLE, Aix-en-Pr., France)
► William D. Hopkins (Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta, USA)
► Jill Pruetz (University of Iowa, USA)
► Marie Bourjade (Octogone-ECCD, Jean Jaurès Universy, Toulouse, France)
► Hélène Cochet (Octogone-ECCD, Jean Jaurès Universy, Toulouse, France)
► Marianne Jover (Centre PsyCLE, Aix-en-Pr., France)
► Olivier Coulon (Laboratoire des Sciences de l’ Information et des Systèmes, Marseille, France)
► Jacqueline Fagard (Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Paris, France)
► Lorenza Mondada (Basel University, Switzerland)

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PUBLICATIONS

PHD THESIS

Meguerditchian, A. (octobre, 2009). Latéralité et communication gestuelle chez le babouin et lechimpanzé : à la recherche des précurseurs du langage. Thèse de doctorat de l’Université de Provence (mention Psychologie) sous la direction de Jacques Vauclair. Aix-en-Provence, France. [PDF ]

DIRECTION OF SPECIAL ISSUE

Meguerditchian, A. (Ed.) (2013). Communication des primates : à la recherche des origines du langage. Revue Primatologie, 5. [Free Access ]

PEER REVIEWED ARTICLES

[30] Hopkins, W. D., Coulon, O., Meguerditchian, A., Autrey, M., Davidek, K., Mahovetz, L., Pope, S. M., Latash, E. M., Mareno, M. C., & Schapiro, S. J. (in press). Genetic Factors and Oro-Facial Motor Learning Selectively Influence Variability in Central Sulcus Morphology in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Neuroscience

[29] Hopkins, W. D., Meguerditchian, A., Coulon, O., Misiura, M., Pope, S., Mareno, M. C., & Schapiro, S. J. (2017). Motor Skill for Tool-Use is Associated with Left Hemisphere Asymmetries in the Motor Hand Area of the Precentral Gyrus. Behavioural Brain Research, 318, 71-81. [PDF ]

[28] Molesti, S., Vauclair, J., & Meguerditchian, A. (2016). Hand preferences for unimanual and bimanual coordinated actions in olive baboons (Papio anubis): consistency over time and across populations. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 130, 341-350. [PDF ]

[27] Parron, C., & Meguerditchian, A. (2016). Gaze following in baboons (Papio anubis): Juveniles adjust their gaze and body position to human’s head redirections. American Journal of Primatology, 78, 1265–1271. [PDF ]

[26] Love, S., Marie, D., Roth, M., Lacoste, R., Nazarian, B., Bertello, A., Coulon, O., Anton, J.-L., & Meguerditchian, A. (2016). The average baboon brain: MRI templates and tissue probability maps from 89 individuals. NeuroImage, 132, 526-533 [PDF ]

[25] Meguerditchian, A., Phillips, K., Chapelain, A., Stoinski, T., Bania, A., Lonsdorf, E. V., Schaeffer, J., Russell, J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2015). Handedness for Unimanual Grasping in 564 Great Apes : The Effect on Grip Morphology and a Comparison with Hand Use for a Bimanual Coordinated Task. Frontiers in Psychology, 6,1794. [Free Access ] [PDF ]

[24] Pope, S. M., Meguerditchian, A., Hopkins, W. D., & Fagot, J. (2015). Baboons (Papio papio), but not humans, break cognitive set in a visuomotor task. Animal Cognition, 18, 1339–1346. [PDF ]

[23] Bourjade, M., Canteloup, C., Meguerditchian, A., Vauclair, J., & Gaunet, F. (2015). Training experience in gestures affects the display of social gaze in baboons’ communication with a human. Animal Cognition, 18, 239-250. [PDF ]

[22] Hopkins, W. D., Schaeffer, J., Russell, J. L., Bogart, S. L., Meguerditchian, A., & Coulon, O. (2015). A Comparative Assessment of Handedness and its Potential Neuroanatomical Correlates in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and Bonobos (Pan paniscus). Behaviour, 152, 461 - 492. [PDF ]

[21] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2014). Communicative signaling, lateralization and brain substrate in nonhuman primates : Toward a gestural or a multimodal origin of language ? Humana Mente - Journal of Philosophical Studies, 27, 135-160. [PDF ]

[20] Meguerditchian, A., Taglialatela, J. P., Leavens, D. A., & Hopkins, W. D. (2014). Commentary on Ackermann et al. : Why vocal production of atypical sounds in apes and its cerebral correlates have a lot to say about the origin of language ? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 565-566. [PDF ]

[19] Meguerditchian, A. (2014). Pour une large approche comparative entre primates dans les recherches sur les origines de l’homme : l’exemple de la latéralité manuelle. Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d’anthropologie de Paris, 26, 166-171. [PDF ]

[18] Hopkins, W. D., Meguerditchian, A., Coulon, O., Bogart, S., Mangin, J., Sherwood, C. C., Bennett, A. J., Pierre, P. J., Fears, S., Woods, R., Hof, P. R., & Vauclair, J. (2014). Evolution of the central sulcus shape and morphology in primates. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 84, 19-30. [PDF ]

[17] Bourjade, M., Meguerditchian, A., Maille, A., Gaunet, F., & Vauclair, J. (2014). Olive baboons (Papio anubis) adjust their visual and auditory intentional gestures to the visual attention of others. Animal Behaviour, 87, 121-128. [PDF ]

[16] Meguerditchian, A., Cochet, H., Wallez, C. & Vauclair, J. (2013). Communication, latéralité et cerveau chez les primates humains et non humains : vers une origine gestuelle ou multimodale du langage ? Revue Primatologie, 5. [PDF ]

[15] Meguerditchian, A. (2013). Editorial : Communication des primates humains et non humains : à la recherche des origines du langage. Revue Primatologie, 5. [PDF ]

[14] Meguerditchian, A., Vauclair, J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2013). On the origins of human handedness and language : A comparative review of hand preferences for bimanual coordinated actions and gestural communication in nonhuman primates. Developmental Psychobiology, 55, 637–650. [PDF ]

[13] Potier, C., Meguerditchian, A., & Fagard, J. (2013). Handedness for bimanual coordinated actions in infants as a function of grip morphology. Laterality, 18, 576—593. [PDF ]

[12] Bogart, S. L., Pruetz, J. D., Ormiston, L. K., Russell, J. L., Meguerditchian, A., & Hopkins, W. D., (2012). Termite fishing laterality in the Fongoli savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) : Further evidence of a left hand preference. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149, 591–598. [PDF ]

[11] Meguerditchian, A., Gardner, M. J., Schapiro, S. J., Hopkins, W. D. (2012). The sound of one hand clapping : handedness and perisylvian neural correlates of a communicative gesture in chimpanzees. Proceeding of the Royal Society Biology, 279, 1959-1966. [PDF ] 
⇒ Mention "Exceptional" from "Faculty of 1000 Biology", the data base of post publication peer review of top articles

[10] Wallez, C., Schaeffer, J., Meguerditchian, A., Vauclair, J., Schapiro, S. J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2012). Contrast of hemispheric lateralization for oro-facial movements between learned attention-getting sounds and species-typical vocalizations in chimpanzees : extension in a second colony. Brain and Language, 123, 75–79. [PDF ]

[9] Meguerditchian, A., Donnot, J., Molesti, S., Francioly, R., & Vauclair, J. (2012). Sex difference in squirrel monkeys handedness for unimanual and bimanual coordinated tasks. Animal Behaviour, 83, 635-643. [PDF ]

[8] Meguerditchian, A., Molesti, S., & Vauclair, J. (2011). Right-handedness predominance in 162 baboons for gestural communication : Consistency across time and groups. Behavioral Neuroscience, 125, 653-660. [PDF ]
⇒ Mention "Must Read" from "Faculty of 1000 Biology", the data base of post publication peer review of top articles

[7] Meguerditchian, A., Vauclair, J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2010). Captive chimpanzees use their right hand to communicate with each other : Implications for the origins of hemispheric specialization for language. Cortex, 46, 40-48. [PDF ]

[6] Meguerditchian, A., Calcutt, S. E., Lonsdorf, E. V., Ross, S. R., & Hopkins, W. D. (2010). Captive gorillas are right-handed for bimanual feeding. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141, 638-645. [PDF ]
⇒ Mention "Must Read" from "Faculty of 1000 Biology", the data base of post publication peer review of top articles

[5] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2009). Contrast of hand preferences between communicative gestures and non communicative actions in baboons : implications for the origins of hemispheric specialization for language. Brain and Language, 108, 167–174. [PDF ]
⇒ Mention "Must Read" from "Faculty of 1000 Biology", the data base of post publication peer review articles

[4] Losin, E., Russell, J. L., Freeman, H., Meguerditchian, A., & Hopkins, W. D. (2008). Left hemisphere specialization for oro-facial movements of learned vocal signals by captive chimpanzees. PlosOne, 3(6), e2529. [PDF ]
⇒ Mention "Must Read" from "Faculty of 1000 Biology", the data base of post publication peer review of top articles

[3] Hopkins, W. D., Taglialatela, J. P., Meguerditchian, A., Nir, T., Schenker, N. M., & Sherwood, C. C. (2008). Gray matter asymmetries in chimpanzees as revealed by voxel-based morphology. Neuroimage, 42, 491-497. [PDF ]

[2] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2006). Baboons communicate with their right hand. Behavioral Brain Research, 171, 170-174. [PDF ]
⇒ Mention "Must Read" from "Faculty of 1000 Biology", the data base of post publication peer review of top articles

[1] Vauclair, J., Meguerditchian, A., & Hopkins, W. D. (2005). Hand preferences for unimanual and coordinated bimanual tasks in baboons (Papio anubis). Cognitive Brain Research, 25, 210-216. [PDF ]
⇒ Mention "Must Read" from "Faculty of 1000 Biology", the data base of post publication peer review of top articles

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BOOK CHAPTERS

[5] Hopkins, W. D., Pika, S., Liebal, K., Bania, A., Meguerditchian, A., Gardner, M., & Schapiro, S. J. (2012). Handedness for manual gestures in great apes: A meta-analysis. In S. Pika, & K. Liebal (Eds.), Developments in Primate Gesture Research (pp. 93-112). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

[4] Meguerditchian, A., Cochet, H., & Vauclair, J. (2011). From gesture to language: ontogenetic and phylogenetic perspectives on gestural communication and its cerebral lateralization. In A. Vilain, J.L. Schwartz, C. Abry, & J. Vauclair (Eds.), Primate Communication and Human Language: Vocalisation, gestures, imitation and deixis in humans and non-humans (pp. 89-118) Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [PDF ]

[3] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2008). Vocal and gestural communication in non human primates and the question of the origin of language. In L.S. Röska-Hardy & E.M. Neumann-Held (Eds.), Learning from animals? Examining the nature of human uniqueness (pp. 61-85). London: Psychology Press. [PDF ]

[2] Vauclair, J., & Meguerditchian, A. (2008). The gestural origin of language and its lateralization: theory and data from studies in nonhuman primates. In S. Kern, F. Gayraud, & E. Marsico (Eds.), Emergence of linguistic abilities: From gestures to grammar (pp. 43-59). Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [PDF ]

[1] Vauclair, J., & Meguerditchian, A. (2007). Perceptual and motor lateralization in two species of baboons. In W.D. Hopkins (Ed.), Evolution of hemispheric specialization in primates, Special topics in primatology (pp. 177-198). London: Elsevier/Academic Press. [PDF ]

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OTHER PAPERS (POPULARIZATION CHAPTER & ARTICLES)

[3] Meguerditchian, A. (2014). Des singes ingénieux. In O. Néron de Surgy & S. Tirard (Eds.), Les sciences des sixties (pp. 37-39). Paris : Éditions Belin. [PDF ]

[2] Primat, N., & Meguerditchian, A. (2010). Le Chakra du babouin. In M. Borillo (Ed.), Dans l’atelier de l’art : Expériences cognitives (pp. 221-242). Seyssel : Editions Champ Vallon.

[1] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2006). Aux origines du langage. Cerveau & Psycho, 17, 84-87. [PDF ]

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COMMUNICATIONS

PUBLISHED ABSTRACTS

 Published Abstracts in International Congress

[17] Meguerditchian, A., Marie, D., Love, S. A., Margiotoudi, K., Bertello, A., Lacoste, R., Roth, M., Nazarian, B, Anton, J.-L., & Coulon, O. (2016). Human-Like Brain Specialization in Baboons: an in vivo Anatomical Mri Study of Language Areas Homologs in 96 Subjects. In S.G. Roberts et al. (Eds.), The Evolution of language: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference (EVOLANG11, New Oleans, LA, USA). doi:10.17617/2.2248195.

[16] Meguerditchian, A., Bourjade, M., Marie, D., Love, S. A., Fresnais, P., Plouvier, M., Margiotoudi, K., Roth, M., Lacoste, R., Nazarian, B, Bertello, A., Gaunet, F., Anton, J.-L., & Coulon, O. (2015). Brain, gestures & mouth in baboons (Papio anubis): what may they tell us about the origins of some language properties? Folia Primatologica (6th Congress of the European Federation for Primatology. Roma, Italy), 86, 321.

[15] Marie, D., Roth, M., Lacoste, R., Nazarian, B., Bertello, A., Hopkins, W. D., Anton, J.-L., & Meguerditchian, A. (2015). Do Baboons Show a Language-Like Cerebral Asymmetry? An in vivo Anatomical MRI Study of the Planum Temporale in 90 Subjects. Folia Primatologica (6th Congress of the European Federation for Primatology. Roma, Italy), 86, 314.

[14] Meguerditchian, A., Plouvier, M., Pruetz, J. D., & Hopkins, W. D. (2014). From hand to mouth: fine precision grip during mutual grooming elicited wide lip movements in wild fongoli chimpanzees. In E.A. Cartmill, S. Roberts, Lyn, H., & H. Cornish (Eds.), The Evolution of language: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, Vienna, Austria (pp. 487-488). Singapore: World Scientific.

[13] Meguerditchian, A., Wallez, C., Vauclair, J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2013). What lateralization and the brain substrate of primate vocal and gestural communication can tell us about the origins of language? A review of behavioural and neuronal Findings. Folia Primatologica (5th Congress of the European Federation for Primatology. Antwerp, Belgium), 84, 252.

[12] Bourjade, M., Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2013). Intentional Communication in Olive Baboons (Papio anubis). Folia Primatologica (5th Congress of the European Federation for Primatology. Antwerp, Belgium), 84, 302.

[11] Meguerditchian, A., Bogart, S., Cantalupo, C., Nir, T., Coulon, O., Mangin, J.-F., Hopkins, W. D. (2011). The sound of one hand clapping in the chimpanzees brain (Pan troglodytes): Neurocorrelates of asymmetries for auditory gestures in the motor hand and homologous language areas. American Journal of Primatology (Issue Supplement: Abstracts of the 34th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Primatologists, Austin, Texas, USA), 73(S1), 76.

[10] Hopkins, W. D., Bogart, S., Meguerditchian, A., Coulon, O., Mangin, J., Schapiro, S. (2011). Neural correlates of oro-facial motor control in chimpanzees: implications for the origins of speech. American Journal of Primatology (Issue Supplement: Abstracts of the 34th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Primatologists, Austin, Texas, USA), 73(S1), 40.

[9] Meguerditchian, A., Molesti, S., Vauclair, J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2010). Consistency in right-handedness for gestural communication across time and across different groups of captive baboons and chimpanzees. Reichorui Kenkyu/Primate Research (Issue Supplement: Proceedings of the 23th Congress of the International Primatological Society, Kyoto, Japan), 25(Suppl.)

[8] Vauclair, J., & Meguerditchian, A. (2010). Laterality of communicative signaling in nonhuman primates: Implications for the origins of language. Reichorui Kenkyu/Primate Research (Issue Supplement: Proceedings of the 23th Congress of the International Primatological Society, Kyoto, Japan), 25(Suppl.).

[7] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2010). Investigation of gestural vs vocal origins of language in nonhuman primates: distinguishing comprehension and production of signals. In A.D.M. Smith, M. Schouwstra, B. de Boer & K. Smith (Eds.), The Evolution of language: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference, Utrecht, Netherlands (pp. 453-454). Singapore: World Scientific.

[6] Meguerditchian, A., Vauclair, J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2008). Prevalence of right-handedness during intra-specific, inter-specific gestures and clapping in captive chimpanzees: Implications for the origin of language. Primate Eye (Issue Supplement: Proceedings of the 22th Congress of the International Primatological Society, Edinburgh, Scotland), 96, 15.

[5] Vauclair, J., & Meguerditchian, A. (2008). Asymmetries for communicative and non communicative gestures in baboons and the question of language origin. Primate Eye (Issue Supplement: Proceedings of the 22th Congress of the International Primatological Society, Edinburgh, Scotland), 96, 277.

[4] Meguerditchian, A., Gardner, M. J., Schapiro, S. J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2008). The sound of one hand clapping: further evidence of right-handedness for communicative signaling in captive chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology (Issue Supplement: Abstracts of the 31th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Primatologists, West Palm Beach, Florida, USA), 70(S1), 57.

[3] Hopkins, W. D., Taglialatela, J. P., & Meguerditchian, A. (2008). The use of voxel-based morphology to assess asymmetries in the chimpanzee brain: a novel approach to comparative studies in cerebral organization. American Journal of Primatology (Issue Supplement: Abstracts of the 31th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Primatologists, West Palm Beach, Florida, USA), 70(S1), 2.

[2] Meguerditchian, A., Vauclair, J., Gardner, M. J., Schapiro, S. J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2008). Handedness for gestural communication and non-communicative actions in chimpanzees and baboons: implications for language origins. In A.D.M. Smith, K. Smith, & R. Ferrer i Cancho (Eds.), The Evolution of language: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference, Barcelona, Spain (pp. 470-471). Singapore: World Scientific.

[1] Vauclair, J., & Meguerditchian, A. (2006). Lateralization of intentional gestures in non human primates: Baboons communicate with their right hand. In A. Cangelosi, A.D.M. Smith, & K. Smith (Eds.), The Evolution of language: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, Rome, Italy (pp. 455-456). Singapore: World Scientific.

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 Published Abstracts in French Congress

[8] Parron C., Bonnefon T. & Meguerditchian, A. (2015). Etude du suivi du regard chez le babouin (Papio anubis) : Mesure des effets d’un changement d’orientation de la tête d’un expérimentateur sur le comportement des babouins. Revue Primatologie (Supplément : Colloque annuel de la Société Francophone de Primatologie, Poitier, France), 6.

[7] Meguerditchian, A., Marie, D., Roth, M., Lacoste, R., Nazarian, B., Balansard, I., Anton, J.-L., Coulon, O., Bertello, A., Benoit, J.-N., Love, S. A., Brochier, T., Meunier, M., Melot-Dusseau, S., Marin, J.-C., & Hopkins, W. D. (2014). Aux sources de la spécialisation hémisphérique cérébrale du langage : l’intérêt de l’IRM anatomique chez le babouin. Revue Primatologie (Supplément : Colloque annuel de la Société Francophone de Primatologie, Poitier, France), 6.

[6] Fresnais, P., Ducroix, L., & Meguerditchian, A. (2014). Approche comparative de la latéralité manuelle chez les primates humains et non humains. Revue Primatologie (Supplément : Colloque annuel de la Société Francophone de Primatologie, Poitier, France), 6.

[5] Meguerditchian, A., Plouvier, M., Pruetz, J. D., & Hopkins, W. D. (2013, octobre). Du geste à la parole: Synchronisation main/bouche dans l’épouillage mutuel des chimpanzés de Fongoli. Revue Primatologie (Résumés du 26e colloque de la SFDP, Kinshasa, République Démocratique du Congo), 5.

[4] Bourjade, M., Meguerditchian, A., & Gaunet, F. (2013). Reconnaissance des indices attentionnels humains par le babouin olive (Papio anubis). Revue Primatologie (Résumés du 26e colloque de la SFDP, Kinshasa, République Démocratique du Congo), 5.

[3] Meguerditchian, A., Cochet, H., Hopkins, W. D., & Vauclair, J. (2013). Communication, manipulation, latéralité et spécialisation hémisphérique cérébrale: approche comparative entre primates humains et non humains. Bulletins et mémoires de la société d’anthropologie de Paris (Supplément : Colloque annuel de la Société d’anthropologie de Paris, 1838e réunion scientifique, Paris, France), 25(S1), 30-31.

[2] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2013). Contribution du modèle primate dans les recherches sur les origines du langage. Bulletins et mémoires de la société d’anthropologie de Paris (Supplément : Colloque annuel de la Société d’anthropologie de Paris, 1838e réunion scientifique, Paris, France), 25(S1), 31.

[1] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2007). Handedness and origin of language: comparison of asymmetries for communicative and non-communicative gestures in baboons. Folia Primatologica (19th Annual Meeting of the Société Francophone de Primatologie. Strasbourg, France), 78, 203-204.

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INVITED CONFERENCES

 Invitation for organizing a symposium in an international congress or workshop

[3] Meguerditchian, A. (Ed.) (2015, December). "Motion control". Thematic symposium at the workshop “From Humans and Non-Human Primates to Robots: Motion”, Rousset, France.

[2] Meguerditchian, A. (Ed.) (2015, June). "Motor system, Communication & Language". Thematic symposium at the 8th annual fMRI workshop. Marseille, France.

[1] Meguerditchian, A. (Ed.) (2013, September). "What primate communication can tell us about the origins of language". Thematic symposium at the 5th Congress of the European Federation for Primatology. Antwerp, Belgium.

 International Invited Conferences/Workshops

[5] Meguerditchian, A. (2016, September). On the Origin of Hemispheric Specialization for Language: Gestural and Brain Asymmetries in Baboons. Invited speaker at the North See Laterality International Conference, Groningen, The Netherlands.

[4] Margiotoudi K., Marie, D., Coulon, O., & Meguerditchian, A. (2015, December). Neuroanatomical asymmetries of the central sulcus in relation to handedness in baboons. Invited speaker at the workshop "From Humans and Non-Human Primates to Robots: Motion", Rousset France.

[3] Meguerditchian, A. (2013, November). What lateralization of primate communication can tell us about the origins of language? Invited speaker at the workshop “Handedness & Language”. Wassenar, The Netherlands.

[2] Meguerditchian, A. (2012, October). Handedness in wild chimpanzees for baobab fruit cracking and bimanual processing. Invited speaker at the symposium "Lateralization, praxis and communicative gestures", Paris, France.

[1] Vauclair, J., & Meguerditchian, A. (2007, May). Vocal and gestural communication in non human primates and the question of the origin of language. Invited Paper presented at VOCOID Conference. Grenoble, France.top

 French Invited Conferences/Workshops

[7] Meguerditchian, A. (2016, septembre). Aux origines de la spécialisation hémisphérique du langage: Imagerie cérébrale anatomique chez le singe. Journée SFR "Sciences du Cerveau et de la Cognition". Marseille, France.

[6] Meguerditchian, A. (2015, octobre). Du geste à la bouche chez les primates : à la recherche de précurseurs du langage? Journées de l’IFE, Paris, France.

[5] Meguerditchian, A. (2012, mai). Que nous apprend la communication des primates sur les origines du langage ? Colloque de l’AFSA, Zoo Beauval, France.

[4] Meguerditchian, A. (2009, octobre). Des hominidés et des hommes. Hommage à Nicolas Primat. Rencontres Art & Sciences cognitives, Toulouse, France.

[3] Meguerditchian, A. (2009, juin). Cerveau, latéralité et communication chez les primates non humains : à la recherche des précurseurs du langage. Colloque des Jeunes Chercheurs en Sciences Cognitive, Toulouse, France.

[2] Meguerditchian, A. (2009, mars). L’AFSA et les soigneurs animaliers dans le milieu de la recherche sur primates. Colloque de l’AFSA, Zoo Le Pal, France.

[1] Meguerditchian, A. (2009, janvier). Les techniques de « clicker-training » à la station de Primatologie. Séminaire Euprim’net, Strasbourg, France.top

 Public Conference

[3] Meguerditchian, A. (2016, mars). Primates, Préhistoire et Cerveau : creusons-nous la tête. Café des Sciences de La semaine du cerveau, Marseille, France.

[2] Meguerditchian, A. (2015, novembre). Aux origines du langage : Que nous disent nos cousins les primates ? Orateur invité aux cycles de conférence de la ville, Le Soler, France.

[1] Meguerditchian, A. (2013, avril). Que nous enseignent les comportements des primates sur les origines du langage ? Café des sciences, Avignon, France.

 Invited Laboratory Seminars

[12] (2016, décembre). Séminaire Institut des Sciences du Mouvement, CNRS/Université Aix-Marseille, Marseille Luminy, France.

[11] (2016, février). Séminaire NeuroSpin, CEA, Orsay, France.

[10] (2015, octobre). Séminaire Laboratoire EthoS - Ethologie Animale et Humaine, Université de Rennes, Rennes, France.

[9] (2015, juin) Journée d’Étude du Laboratoire LEAD (Laboratoire d’Etude de l’Apprentissage et du Développement), Dijon, France.

[8] (2015, mai). Séminaire Ecole Normal Supérieur, Lyon, France.

[7] (2015, février). Séminaire Groupe Linguae, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, France.

[6] (2014, février). Séminaire GIN (Groupe Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle), Bordeaux, France.

[5] (2014, février). Séminaire Octogone, Toulouse, France.

[4] (2013, juin). Séminaire Stem-cell and Brain Research Institute, Bron, France.

[3] (2013, mai). Rencontres de l’INT projets IRMf, Marseille, France.

[2] (2012, mai). Séminaire LPED Laboratoire Population Environnement Développement, Marseille, France.

[1] (2010, mars). Séminaire Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive, Marseille, France.

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COMMUNICATIONS WITHOUT PUBLISHED ABSTRACTS

 International Congress

[13] Meguerditchian, A. (2016, July). What ritualization of novel intentional gestures in baboons tell us about the prerequisites of some language properties. Oral presentation at the 7th Conference of the International Society for Gesture Studies. Paris, France.

[12] Love, S., Marie, D., Roth, M., Lacoste, R., Nazarian, B., Bertello, A., Coulon, O., Anton, J.-L., & Meguerditchian, A. (2016, June). Haiko89: a Population-Average Baboon Brain Template and Tissue Probability Maps From 89 Individuals. Poster presentation at OHBM, Geneva, Switzerland.

[11] Marie, D., Margiotoudi, K., & Roth, M., Lacoste, R., Nazarian, B., Bertello, A., Anton, J.-L., Hopkins, W. D., Love, S., & Meguerditchian, A. (2016, June). Brain Asymmetries of Two Language-related Areas Homologs in Baboon Structural MRI. Poster presentation at OHBM, Geneva, Switzerland.

[10] Bourjade, M., Gaunet, F., & Meguerditchian, A. (2015, August). Understanding audience effect in primate gestural communication. Oral presentation at the meeting of the International Ethological Conference (IEC), Cairns, Australia.

[9] Pope, S.M., Meguerditchian, A.,& Fagot, J. (May, 2015). Baboons (Papio papio), but not humans, break cognitive set in a visuomotor task. Presented at Georgia State University’s Neuroscience Institute’s Breakfast & Lecture Series, Atlanta, USA.

[8] Meguerditchian, A., Bourjade, M., & Vauclair, J. (2014, August). Gestural communication in baboons and its relations to some language properties: Flexibility, intentionality and lateralization. Oral presentation at the 25th congress of the International Primatology Society. Hanoï, Vietnam.

[7] Pope, S. M., Meguerditchian, A. & Fagot, J. (2014, August). Baboons (Papio papio) take the shortcut in a touchscreen task while humans stick to the long way. Oral presentation at the 25th congress of the International Primatology Society. Hanoï, Vietnam.

[6] Bourjade, M., Gaunet, F., & Meguerditchian, A. (2014, July). A window on the proximal mechanisms of intentional communication in primates. Oral presentation at the Symposium “Primate cognition: Comparative and developmental perspective”, 7th European Conference on Behavioural Biology. Prague, Czech Republic.

[5] Meguerditchian, A., Mondada, L., & Oloff, F. (2013, July) Social interaction among baboons: issues of coordination and mutual alignment in non-human primates. Oral presentation at the International Congress of Linguists. Geneva, Switzerland.

[4] Meguerditchian, A., Cochet, H., Hopkins, W. D., & Vauclair, J. (2012, July). Gestural communication, lateralization and hemispheric specialization for language: a comparative approach between human and nonhuman primates. Oral presentation at the 5th Conference of the International Society for Gesture Studies. Lund, Sweden.

[3] Meguerditchian, A., Vauclair, J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2010, July). Laterality and gestural communication in baboons and chimpanzees: searching for the precursors of language. Oral presentation at the 4th Conference of the International Society for Gesture Studies. Frankfurt/Oder, Germany.

[2] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2005, May). Manual asymmetries for communicative and non communicative gestures in baboons (Papio anubis). Graphic presentation presented at the symposium "Asymmetries and Handedness". Paris, France.

[1] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2005, December). Laterality and intentional gestural communication in baboons (Papio anubis). Oral presentation at the Early Language Acquisition (ELA) Internation Conference. Lyon, France.top

 French Congress

[12] Margiotoudi, K., Marie, D., Coulon, O., & Meguerditchian, A. (2015, Octobre). Morphologie et asymétries neuroanatomiques du sillon central en relations avec la préférence manuelle : une étude d’IRM chez 90 babouins Papio anubis. Communication orale au Colloque de la Société Francophone de Primatologie. Strasbourg, France.

[11] Meguerditchian, A., Bourjade, M., Marie, D.,Love, S. A., Plouvier, M., Roth, M., Lacoste, R., Nazarian, B., Bertello, A.,& Anton, J.-L. (2015, Octobre). De la main à la bouche au cerveau chez le babouin (Papio anubis) : implications sur les origines du langage. Communication orale au Colloque de la Société Francophone de Primatologie. Strasbourg, France.

[10] Fresnais, P., Ducroix, L., & Meguerditchian, A. (2014, juillet). Latéralité manuelle chez les primates humains et non humains : pour une approche comparative impliquant des tâches identiques unimanuelle, bimanuelle et gestuelle. Communication orale au Colloque SFECA. Nanterre, France.

[9] Meguerditchian, A., Ballé, C., Goin, J. B., Bertello, A., Franco-Rogelio, M. C., Pruetz, J. D., Hopkins, W. D., & Vauclair, J. (2012, octobre). Latéralité et communication gestuelle et vocale chez les chimpanzés: à la recherche des précurseurs du langage. Communication orale au Colloque de la Société Francophone de Primatologie. Lyon, France.

[8] Bourjade, M., Meguerditchian, A., Meunier, H., & Vauclair, J. (2011, novembre). L’attention comme prérequis de la communication gestuelle : influence de l’état attentionnel de l’être humain sur les modes de communication du babouin olive. Congrès I.I.I. « Intercompréhension de l’Intraspécifique à l’Interspécifique ». Landaul, France.

[7] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2010, octobre). Aux origines du langage: vocal ou gestuel? Distinguer la compréhension de la production de signaux chez les primates non humains. Communication orale au Colloque de la Société Francophone de Primatologie. Aix-en-Provence, France.

[6] Lagner, P., Meguerditchian, A., Vuillaume, R., Gaudin, S., Mirault, J., Glas, L., Bellicot, A., Coulon, C., & Vauclair, J. (2010, octobre). Ambipréférence manuelle chez le babouin (Papio anubis) en captivité pour une tâche de coordination bimanuelle spontanée. Communication orale au Colloque de la Société Francophone de Primatologie. Aix-en-Provence, France.

[5] Meguerditchian, A., Vauclair, J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2010, mars). Latéralité et communication gestuelle chez le babouin et le chimpanzé : à la recherche des précurseurs du langage. Communication orale au Colloque SFECA. Toulouse, France.

[4] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2009, octobre). Asymétries et bases cérébrales des gestes communicatifs et des vocalisations chez les primates non humains: aux origines du langage. Communication orale au Colloque de la Société Francophone de Primatologie. Liège, Belgique.

[3] Meguerditchian, A., Vauclair, J., & Hopkins, W. D. (2008, octobre). Les chimpanzés utilisent leur main droite pour communiquer avec leurs congénères et avec l’Homme : implications pour les origines du langage. Communication orale au Colloque de la Société Francophone de Primatologie. Mulhouse, France.

[2] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2005, octobre). Les babouins communiquent avec leur main droite. Communication orale au Colloque de la Société Francophone de Primatologie. Besançon, France.

[1] Meguerditchian, A., & Vauclair, J. (2005, avril). Latéralité et communication gestuelle intentionnelle chez le babouin olive. Communication orale au Colloque SFECA. Rennes, France.

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LABS & GRANTS

Laboratoire Psychologie Cognitive, Université Aix-Marseille, Marseille, France
From 2017 - Principal Investigator "GESTIMAGE" Project, ERC Starting Grant
From 2014 - CNRS Researcher (CR2)
2012-2015 - Principal Investigator "LangPrimate" Project, ANR grant "retour post-doc": ANR-12-PDOC-0014_01
2012-2014 - non-permanent CNRS Researcher ("LangPrimate" ANR grant )

The Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta, USA
2011-2012 - Post-doctoral fellowship "Fyssen Fondation", supervision: Pr. William D. Hopkins
2007-2008 - "Research Specialist", collaboration: Pr. William D. Hopkins

Centre PsyCLE, Université Aix-Marseille, Aix-en-Provence, France
2010 & 2012 - ANR Post-doctoral Researcher (collaboration: Pr. Jacques Vauclair)
2004-2007 - CNRS Research Assistant (Master & PhD under the supervision of Pr Jacques Vauclair)

Station de Primatologie CNRS, Rousset, France
2008-2010 - Behavioral, Enrichment & Quality Manager

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TEACHING

Master degree II in Ethology, Paris 13 University Paris, Villetaneuse.
- From 2015: "Language & Animal communication" (UE Communication)

Psychomotor School (1st year), ISRP – Institut Supérieur de Rééducation Psychomotrice, Marseille
- From 2009: "Comparative Psychology & Ethology" (UE Psychology)

Staff Training CNRS & INSERM, Animal Expérimentation I & II sessions, Marseille.
 - From 2012: "Ethology & Animal Cognition"

Straff Training CNRS, Primatology Session, Marseille
- From 2010: "Welfare & "Clicker training" in primates"
- From 2009: "Cognition & communication in primates"

Master degree I in Psychology, Aix-Marseille University, Aix-en-Pr.
- From 2008: "Developmental Neuropsychology" (UE PSY R24B)

Licence II in Psychology, Provence University, Aix-en-Pr.
- 2008-2011: "Statistics II" (UE PSY C3)

Licence I in Psychology, Provence University, Aix-en-Pr.
- 2008-2009: "Statistics I" (UE PSY A5)
- 2006-2008: "Developmental Psychology" (UE PSY A4)
- 2005-2011: "Scholar Processing Methods" (UE PSY A1)

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DEGREE

2010-2014 - Double qualification CNU for candidating to assistant professor positions, section 16 (Psychology) and section 69 (Neurosciences)

2005-2009PhD in Psychology, University of Provence, Doctoral School "Cognition, Language and Education", under the direction of Pr. Jacques VAUCLAIR, Aix-en-Provence, France. PhD Defense: the October 27th 2009.

Jury members: Catherine BLOIS-HEULIN (Rennes University), protractor; Luciano FADIGA (Université de Ferrara, Italie), examiner; Jacqueline FAGARD (Paris Descartes University-CNRS-ENS), protractor; Jean-Marie HOMBERT (CNRS-Université Lumière-Lyon), examiner.

2004-2005Master degree II Research "Neurosciences, Behaviors & Cognition", Paul Sabatier University of Sciences, Toulouse, France.

2002-2004 - "Licence - Biology of Organisms" & "Maîtrise - Biology of Populations and Ecosystems", Montpellier University of Sciences, France.

2000-2002 - Préparatory Classes for "Grandes Ecoles", Math Sup & Spé Bio (BCPST 1 & 2), Joffre High Scool, Montpellier, France.

1999-2000 - Bac Scientific Baccalaureate (Biology dominant), High School of Lorgues, Var, France.top

PRESS

TV

2015, Nov. - France 3 Provence-Alpes, JT 19-20 "Reportage Station de Primatologie de Rousset"

2015, March - France 2, Emission "Les Pouvoirs extraordinaire du Corps Humain", n° 6 "Dans la Peau des Premiers Hommes : Quelle est l’origine de notre communication"

2014, July - France 2, JT 20h : "Le secret du langage des chimpanzés"

Journals

2017, Jan. - Science et Avenir, Hors-Série "Le Mystère des Origines", n° 188,"Le Langage, Histoire d’une révolution"

2016, Dec. - Science et Vie Junior "Un orang-outan montre la voix"

2016, Dec. - La Marseillaise, mention in "Quand l’étude du langage ouvre le champ de l’interdisciplinarité"

2016, Jan. - La Croix, commentary in "Le gorille Koko est-il conscient du réchauffement climatique?"

2015, June - La Croix, mention in "Au laboratoire de Rousset, il existe des singes « heureux »"

2015, June - La Recherche, n°500 "Le singe, solidaire par nature"

2015, June - Le Temps, commentary in "Les tout-petits ont le sens de la justice"

2015, March - Hors Série - Science & Vie, n° 270 "Les Grands Singes : Une parole qui se passe de mots"

2015, March - Hors Série - Science & Vie, n° 270 "Les Grands Singes: Faits pour vivre ensemble ?"

2014, Dec. - L’Express.fr : "Le sauvetage d’un macaque électrocuté par un autre singe est-il crédible?"

2014, Dec. - Francetv info : "Non, un singe n’a pas tenté de sauver un autre macaque électrocuté"

2014, Sept. - CNRS le journal : "Aux Origines du Langage"

2014, Sept. - Biofuture, n° 357 : "Du geste au langage"

2014, Aug. - Science & Vie, n° 1163 : "Que des singes parlent est-il pure fiction ?"

2014, July - Atlantico : "Dictionnaire chimpanzé-humain : des scientifiques sont parvenus à traduire les gestes des primates"

2014, July - Le Parisien, n° 21720 : "On a décrypté le langage des chimpanzés"

2013, Dec. - Nature, n° 504, "Baboons know when to be noisy’

2010, May - Science, n° 328 : "Animal communication helps reveal roots of language"

2010, March - American Scientific Mind, n° 2010 March/April issue : "Chimps Talk with Their Hands"

2009, Nov. - National Geographic : "Right-Handed Chimps Provide Clues"

2009, Nov. - ScienceDaily : "Right-handed chimpanzees provide clues to the origin of human language"

2006, July - Discovery News : "Study: Baboons Talk With Hands"

2006, Aug. - Le Monde : "Portrait de groupe avec petits singes"

2006, Aug. - Le Monde : "Pourquoi les babouins sont droitiers"

2006, June - La Recherche, n° 398 : "Babouins droitiers"

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