Laterality in persons with intellectual disability II. Hand, foot, ear, and eye laterality in persons with trisomy 21 and Williams-Reuren syndrome


  • Gerard-Desplanches Aude
  • Deruelle Christine
  • Stefanini Silvia
  • Ayoun Catherine
  • Volterra Virginia
  • Vicari Stefano
  • Fisch Gene
  • Carlier Michèle

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Laterality (hand, foot, ear and eye) was assessed in participants with Trisomy 21 (62) and Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) (39). Handedness was also assessed in a card reaching task. The comparison group included 184 typically developing persons. Two independent age sub-groups were formed: 7 to 10 years old and 11 to 34 years old. We confirmed previous data: individuals with 7-21 were more frequently left- or mixed-handed than typically developing persons; individuals with WBS had intermediate scores. The two groups with genetic disorders had less right foot preference. Manual and foot inconsistencies characterized both groups with genetic disorders. Cross hand-foot preference was lower in the typically developing group. Differences in IQ levels did not correlate with differences in laterality scores. Overall laterality profiles were not the same in the two groups with genetic disorders: the greatest differences were observed between typically developing persons and persons with Trisomy 21. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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