How to increase academic performance in children with oppositional defiant disorder? An implicit theory effect.


  • da Fonseca David
  • Cury François
  • Santos A.
  • Sarrazin Philippe
  • Poinso F.
  • Deruelle C.


  • Mental disorders
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Children
  • Implicit theories of intelligence
  • CBT
  • IQ

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The aim of the present study was to determine whether the implicit theory effect extends to children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), with academic difficulties. Twenty-five male children, aged 8-11 years with ODD were randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions (Incremental Theory highlighting the possibility of self-improvement vs. control). An increase of cognitive performance (IQ) was found for children with ODD in the incremental condition, but not in the control condition. This cognitive improvement could be viewed as a protective factor for children and adolescents with ODD on academic setting.

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