Free association norms and meaning frequencies for 162 ambiguous words


  • Therouanne P
  • Denhiere G

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Homonyms are ambiguous words having several unrelated meanings (for example, bank). They are widely used in language research to study, among others, general language processing, ambiguity resolution, and lexical and meaning representations in memory. Typical priming studies require controlling associative relationships between prime and target words. Moreover, specific to the homonyms is the control of the frequency of their meanings. The main goal of these first published free association norms for French homograph homophones is to permit such controls. Each of the 162 ambiguous words was presented to 100 French native speakers. All responses are presented and we provide meaning frequencies and word ambiguity measures estimated from these norms.

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