Berkeley University of California
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Professor of Psychology
School of Psychology
University of Sussex
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Université Lumière, Lyon 2
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The planum temporale (PT) is a critical region of the language functional network in the human brain showing a striking size asymmetry toward the left hemisphere. Historically considered as a structural landmark of the left-brain specialization for language, a similar anatomical bias has been described in great apes but never in monkeys—indicating that this brain landmark might be unique to Hominidae evolution.
People with low vision, especially those with Central Field Loss (CFL), need magnification to read. The flexibility of Electronic Vision Enhancement Systems (EVES) offers several ways of magnifying text. Due to the restricted field of view of EVES, the need for magnification is conflicting with the need to navigate through text (panning). We have developed and implemented a real-time gaze-controlled system whose goal is to optimize the possibility of magnifying a portion of text while maintaining global viewing of the other portions of the text (condition 1).
Age-related macular degeneration represents a population of more than one million patients in France. These patients mostly complain of a difficulty in correctly recognizing the words that make up a text. To try to improve the reading skills of these patients, three members of the "Perception et Caution" team (J.-B. Bernard, C. Aguilar, E. Castet E.) developed EIDO, a new Specially designed for visually impaired patients
On average, boys score far less on reading tests than girls. But the difference disappears when they are made to believe that it is a game.
Pascal Huguet and Isabelle Régner are currently running an alternative to the traditional scoring system in 70 secondary schools: the competency assessment. If the first results are promising, the experience is far from over.
Les babouins produisent des vocalisations comparables aux voyelles. C’est ce qu’ont mis en évidence des chercheurs du Gipsa-Lab (CNRS/Grenoble INP/Université de Grenoble Alpes), du Laboratoire de psychologie cognitive (CNRS/AMU) et du Laboratoire d’anatomie de l’Université de Montpellier grâce à des analyses acoustiques de vocalisations, couplées à une étude anatomique des muscles de la langue et à une modélisation des potentialités acoustiques du conduit vocal des singes.