"Deepening the study of socially regulated cognition"
"The perception of natural visual scenes and the recognition of familiar forms (letters, words, objects and handwriting)"
"Studying Development and Cognitive Aging"
"To better understand the complex organization of language: its acquisition, its normal and pathological functioning, as well as its cerebral implementation"
"Better define the human cognitive processes through cognitions of other species"
In an article in Scientific Reports, Francois-Xavier Alario (Language team) and colleagues showed showed rapid (from ~80 ms onwards) noun-verb differences in the left and (to a lesser extent) right inferior frontal gyri (IFG), but only when those nouns and verbs were preceded by the syntactically predictive context (i.e. their corresponding pronoun).This suggests that syntactic unification manifests very early on during processing in the LIFG. The speed of such syntactic unification operations is hypothesized to be driven by predictive top-down activations stemming from a domain-general network in the prefrontal cortex.
Joël Fagot, directeur de l'équipe Cognition Comparée, obtient le Prix International de la Fondation Fyssen 2017. Ce prix est attribué à un chercheur qui s’est distingué par une activité de recherche fondamentale qui correspond, directement ou indirectement, à l’objectif de la Fondation et qui concerne des disciplines telles que l’éthologie, la psychologie, la neurobiologie, l’anthropologie, l’ethnologie, la paléontologie humaine et l’archéologie.
plus d'info sur http://www.fondationfyssen.fr/laureats/
Cette année, le prix a été décerné par Catherine Jessus, directrice de l’INSB, à Leïla Perié et Adrien Meguerditchian. Deux jeunes talents dont les recherches portent sur l'immuno-hématologie et la psychologie cognitive (lien) Claude Paoletti, ancien directeur du département des sciences de la vie du CNRS, a pris de nombreuses initiatives pour soutenir les jeunes chercheurs. Ses amis ont créé un prix à sa mémoire et sa pérennité est assurée par l’Institut des sciences biologiques du CNRS.
Behavioural synchronization is widespread among living beings, including humans. Pairs of humans synchronize their behaviour in various situations, such as walking together. Affiliation between dyadic partners is known to promote behavioral synchronization. Surprisingly, however, interspecific synchronization has recived little scientific investigation. Dogs are sensitive to human cues, and share strong affiliative bonds with their owners. We thus investigated whether, when allowed to move freely in an enclosed unfamiliar space, dogs synchronize their behaviour with that of their owners’.
The planum temporale (PT) is a critical region of the language functional network in the human brain showing a striking size asymmetry toward the left hemisphere. Historically considered as a structural landmark of the left-brain specialization for language, a similar anatomical bias has been described in great apes but never in monkeys—indicating that this brain landmark might be unique to Hominidae evolution.
People with low vision, especially those with Central Field Loss (CFL), need magnification to read. The flexibility of Electronic Vision Enhancement Systems (EVES) offers several ways of magnifying text. Due to the restricted field of view of EVES, the need for magnification is conflicting with the need to navigate through text (panning). We have developed and implemented a real-time gaze-controlled system whose goal is to optimize the possibility of magnifying a portion of text while maintaining global viewing of the other portions of the text (condition 1).
Age-related macular degeneration represents a population of more than one million patients in France. These patients mostly complain of a difficulty in correctly recognizing the words that make up a text. To try to improve the reading skills of these patients, three members of the "Perception et Caution" team (J.-B. Bernard, C. Aguilar, E. Castet E.) developed EIDO, a new Specially designed for visually impaired patients
On average, boys score far less on reading tests than girls. But the difference disappears when they are made to believe that it is a game.